Place-names in Scotland

Element Glossary

There are 9 elements:

-in 1 place-name

Language: S (G), Part of Speech: S

A place-name forming suffix, usually reduced to -ie/-y by the early 14th century. It may also be Pictish. For a full discussion, see PNF 5 Elements Glossary under -in.

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an 2 place-names

Language: S (G), Part of Speech: D

The definite article, 'the'. It varies according to gender, case and number, as well as according to the initial letter of following nouns.  Its presence may also affect the sound of the initial of a following noun.

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carline 1 place-name

Language: S (Sc), Part of Speech: N

also carling, kerlying etc. 'An old woman, a witch' (CSD).  Note also Sc carlin, a diminutive of Sc carle 'a man, peasant, labourer'.

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creag 1 place-name

Language: S (G), Part of Speech: N, Gender F

'A rock, cliff, crag, precipitous rocky hill'.

 

 

 

Gen. sing. creige.

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eaglais 1 place-name

Language: S (G), Part of Speech: N, Gender F

'A church'.

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Flanders 1 place-name

Language: S (en)

Relating to Flanders in Continental Europe

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luachair 1 place-name

Language: S (G), Part of Speech: N, Gender F

‘A rush, reed’,  OG lúachair (collective noun, gen. sing. lúachra), also appearing as lóchair, ‘rushes, rushy place, marsh’.

Gen. sing. of luachair is luachrach.

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nochd 1 place-name

Language: S (G), Part of Speech: Aj

'Naked, bare, exposed'.

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pett 1 place-name

Language: S (G), Part of Speech: N

'Land-holding, farm etc.' This very common settlement-name generic is a loan-word into Gaelic from Pictish *pett with a similar meaning.

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Place-name data

The place-name data featured in this resource is copyright of the University of Glasgow. Tables of data are available to download as csv files, or as JSON data from the project's API. All place-name data taken from this resource should be properly attributed. They are made available through a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence. This allows users to share and adapt the materials freely with the appropriate attribution. Please see further details of this licence here: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Parish Boundaries

Copyright Scottish Government, contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right (2018). View the parish data website

Map Layers

The map interface was produced using the Leaflet.js library. Attribution for the base layers is as follows:

Default map:
Tiles © Esri — Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, TomTom, Intermap, iPC, USGS, FAO, NPS, NRCAN, GeoBase, Kadaster NL, Ordnance Survey, Esri Japan, METI, Esri China (Hong Kong), and the GIS User Community

Satellite map:
Tiles © Esri — Source: Esri, i-cubed, USDA, USGS, AEX, GeoEye, Getmapping, Aerogrid, IGN, IGP, UPR-EGP, and the GIS User Community

Satellite map with labels:
Base map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, CC-BY-SA, Imagery © Mapbox

Modern OS map:
Ordnance Survey OpenData. Contains OS data © Crown copyright and database right (2021)

OS 1840-1880 map:
National Library of Scotland Historic Maps

OS 1920-1933 map:
National Library of Scotland Historic Maps